Article thumbnail

UGDYMO IDĖJŲ ŽENKLINIMAS: PATIRTIS IR PRIEIGOS

By Dalia Survutaitė

Abstract

With the development of societies in the ever-changing material conditions of existence, education is becoming increasingly complex. Based upon the history of pedagogy, we analyze and assess pedagogical phenomena and processes along their horizontal shift (from the emergence of humankind up to the current day), analyzing in detail pedagogical ideas, principles, and laws along the vertical shift (educational concepts, contents, planning, organization, evaluation). With the rapid expansion of school networks and the steadily increasing duration of compulsory schooling, a multitude of diverse pedagogical ideas came into being in Europe and the USA as early as late in the 19th c. Proponents of certain ideas supported each other creating a theory, i.e. a corresponding body of statements, concerning education. A serious discussion and assessment of educational theories and pedagogical experience (conceptions) took place already in the 20th c. Model (paradigm) forms were worked out for the solution of urgent repeated problems. Interest in the newly-arising philosophical conceptions accounted for the emergence of different movements in the area of pedagogy and school practice in the 20th c.Several tendencies can be distinguished in the development of the Lithuanian pedagogical thought. Educologists tried to describe a number of educational ideas by introducing different descrip­tions. Efforts were made to sort out and assess the educational ideas. Some authors tried to evaluate the educational ideas against the firmly consoli­dated philosophical conceptions. For the purpose of building a system, definite trend or direction pa­rameters were introduced (Esmaitis, Bukauskienė, Valatkienė, Bitinas). Guided by dualism, some edu­cologists created bi-polar classifications of the rep­resentation of educational ideas, such as east–west (Šalkauskis), or idealistic–realistic (Liaugminas), or reproductive–interpretative (Šalkauskis), or classic–unrestricted education (Bitinas), or classic–modern (Ušeckienė), or informational–creative (Lukšienė), or classic–humanistic (Bruzgelevičienė) ones. Among international research communities, a ten­dency towards the convergence of educational ideas has existed for several decades. A systematised ho­listic approach to the representation and change of diverse educational ideas and their interrelation is emerging (Vaitkevičius, Burrel, Morgan, Paulston). In this way the authors seek to offer practitioners a wide spectre of educational success stories, giving them a chance to construct individual success.Currently, eclectic adaptations of educational ideas in heterogeneous educational conditions are taking place. This fact contributes to the emergence of new conceptions out of the existing theories and contemporary paradigmatic dimensions. Thus, the quality of education demands not only the identifica­tion of educational ideas, but also the discovery of their meaning.Docentė socialinių mokslų (edukologija) daktarė Lietuvos edukologijos universitetas Studentų g. 39-327, LT-08106 Vilnius El. paštas:  dalia.survutaite@leu.lt Mob. tel. 8 686 63339Pedagogikos istorijoje kaupiami įvairūs ugdymo praktikos aprašai, analizuojamos, lyginamos ir vertinamos ugdymo idėjos. Dėl to randasi įvairios ugdymo patirties ženklinimo prieigos. Retros­pektyviai nagrinėjant Lietuvos ir tarptautinius pedagogikos istorijos tyrimus atrandama įvairi ug­dymo teorijų, koncepcijų skirstymo praktika. Straipsnyje aprašoma Lietuvos edukologų patirtis kla­sifikuoti ugdymo idėjas į teorijas, kryptis, sroves, paradigmas, koncepcijas. Heterogeninio ugdymo sąlygomis randasi naujos koncepcijos iš jau gyvuojančių teorijų ir mūsų laikų paradigminių dimen­sijų derinių. Čia įvardijamos dominuojančios ugdymo idėjos, aprašoma ir tarptautinė tyrėjų ben­druomenėse gyvuojanti ugdymo teorijų konvergencijos tendencija. Vertinant pedagogikos istoriją kaip turinčią sinchroninę-taksonominę struktūrą, daroma prielaida, kad esamos ir atsirandančios ugdymo idėjos gali būti išreikštos grafiškai vaizduojant santykius tiek mikro-, tiek makrolygmeniu. Lyginamosios analizės bei modeliavimo dėka mėginama schemiškai vaizduoti ugdymo idėjų įvai­rovę šiuolaikinėje edukacijoje

Topics: educational ideas, theories, paradigms, pedagogical conceptions, classification, marking, ugdymo idėjos, teorijos, paradigmos, pedagoginės koncepcijos, klasifi­kacija, ženklinimas
Publisher: 'Vilnius University Press'
Year: 2013
DOI identifier: 10.15388/ActPaed.2013.30.1556
OAI identifier: oai:ojs.www4063.vu.lt:article/1556

Suggested articles


To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.