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Strain rate dependency of dislocation plasticity

By Haidong Fan, Jaafar A. El-Awady, Qingyuan Wang, Dierk Raabe and Michael Zaiser


Dislocation slip is a general deformation mode and governs the strength of metals. Via discrete dislocation dynamics and molecular dynamics simulations, we investigate the strain rate and dislocation density dependence of the strength of bulk copper single crystals using 192 simulations spanning over 10 orders of magnitude in strain rate and 9 orders of magnitude in dislocation density. Based on these large set of simulations and theoretical analysis, a new analytical relationship between material strength, dislocation density, strain rate and dislocation mobility is proposed, which is in excellent agreement with the current simulations as well as with experimental data. The results show that the material strength is a non-monotonic function of dislocation density and displays two universal regimes (first decreasing, then increasing) as the dislocation density increases. The first regime is a result of strain rate hardening, while the second regime is dominated by the classical Taylor forest hardening. Accordingly, the strength displays universally, as a function of strain rate, a rate-independent regime at low strain rates (governed by forest hardening) followed by a rate hardening regime at high strain rates (governed by strain rate hardening). All the results can be captured by a single scaling function. Finally, the fluctuations of dislocation flow are analyzed in terms of the strain rate dependent distribution of dislocation segment velocities. It is found that the fluctuations are governed by another universal scaling function and diverge in the rate independent limit, indicating a critical behavior. The current analysis provides a comprehensive understanding on how collective dislocation motions are governed by the competition between the internal elastic interactions of dislocations, and the stress required to drive dislocation fluxes at a given externally imposed strain rate.Comment: 31 pages, 6 figures, 71 conference

Topics: Condensed Matter - Materials Science
Year: 2020
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