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Berry Phase Enforced Spinor Pairing

By Yi Li


Pairing symmetry plays a central role in the study of superconductivity. It is usually characterized by integer partial-waves, for example, $s$-, $p$-, $d$-waves. In this article, we investigate a new class of topological superconductivity whose gap functions possess a half-odd-integer monopole charge and, therefore, fractionalized half-odd-integer partial-wave symmetry in three dimensions. This exotic pairing occurs between Fermi surfaces of which Chern numbers are differed by an odd integer. The corresponding superconducting gap function is represented by monopole harmonics with half-odd-integer monopole charges, and thus carries spinor partial-wave symmetries. The spinor gap function can exhibit an odd number of nodes on a closed Fermi surface, which distinguishes it from all the previously known superconducting pairing symmetry. In the presence of spatial inhomogeneity of order parameters, its superfluid velocity exhibits a fractionalized Mermin-Ho relation

Topics: Condensed Matter - Superconductivity, Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics, Condensed Matter - Quantum Gases, Condensed Matter - Strongly Correlated Electrons
Year: 2020
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