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Micro-reversibility and thermalization with collisional baths

By Jannik Ehrich, Massimiliano Esposito, Felipe Barra and Juan Manuel Rodríguez Parrondo

Abstract

Micro-reversibility plays a central role in thermodynamics and statistical mechanics. It is used to prove that systems in contact with a thermal bath relax to canonical ensembles. However, a problem arises when trying to reproduce this proof for classical and quantum collisional baths, i.e. particles at equilibrium interacting with a localized system via collisions. In particular, micro-reversibility appears to be broken and some models do not thermalize when interacting with Maxwellian particles. We clarify these issues by showing that micro-reversibility needs the invariance of evolution equations under time reversal plus the conservation of phase space volume in classical and semiclassical scenarios. Consequently, all canonical variables must be considered to ensure thermalization. This includes the position of the incident particles which maps their Maxwellian distribution to the effusion distribution. Finally, we show an example of seemingly plausible collision rules that do not conserve phase-space volume, and consequently violate the second law. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved

Topics: Física nuclear
Publisher: 'Elsevier BV'
Year: 2020
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.physa.2019.122108
OAI identifier: oai:www.ucm.es:61345
Provided by: EPrints Complutense

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