Two new enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) with chimeric fusion polypeptides for the detection of human antibodies specific to Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen 1 (EBNA-1) are described. One is an indirect ELISA with affinity-purified beta-galactosidase-EBNA-1 fusion protein as the antigen. The other is a "sandwich" assay based on the use of anti-beta-galactosidase antibody to capture beta-galactosidase-EBNA-1 fusion proteins in bacterial extracts. A good correlation was shown between antibody titers determined by the ELISA with the EBNA-1 fusion proteins and those determined by a conventional anticomplement immunofluorescence test which is being widely performed with Raji cells for the purpose of research and clinical diagnosis. The advantage of the ELISAs for seroepidemiologic studies on Epstein-Barr virus was demonstrated by sensitive detection of marginal immunoglobulin G antibody to the EBNA-1 domain in serum samples from patients with infectious mononucleosis
To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.