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An innovative approach for spatial video noise reduction using wavelet based frequency decomposition

By A. De Stefano, P.R. White and W.B. Collis

Abstract

Many real word images are contaminated by noise. The noise not only degrades image quality but may also hinder further processing operations. Noise reduction techniques aim to both improve image quality and to aid further image processing. Spatial noise reduction techniques based on the discrete wavelet transform have been widely researched. This paper considers an undecimated shift invariant filter bank that has been used to decompose the image into components. The basic filters are derived from a biorthogonal wavelet basis. Reconstruction is obtained by a simple summation of the image components. A new thresholding scheme, which is obtained from Bayesian estimator theory, is used. The threshold parameters for each component are dependent on the noise level and are selected using a preliminary training procedure. The cost function utilised for the training is a weighted version of the mean square error which is designed to reflect human perception. The method compares favourably with other wavelet based noise reduction techniques and demonstrates significant noise reduction and visual quality enhancement

Topics: TK, QC
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Year: 2000
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.soton.ac.uk:10775
Provided by: e-Prints Soton
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