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Susceptibility of Entamoeba histolytica to oxidants.

By E Ghadirian, S D Somerfield and P A Kongshavn

Abstract

The effect of hydrogen peroxide and hypochlorite on culture forms of Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites was examined by using two strains of E. histolytica, virulent (IP:0682:1) and nonvirulent (DKB). The amoebae were incubated with various concentrations of hydrogen peroxide and hypochlorite, and their viability was determined at different times after incubation. When the viability of the virulent and nonvirulent strains was compared to different oxidant strengths, it became apparent that the virulent strain was less susceptible than the nonvirulent one to the cytotoxic effect of hydrogen peroxide and hypochlorite. Our studies further showed that the toxic effect was both time and dose dependent. To confirm that the killing of amoebae in this system was associated with the presence of hydrogen peroxide, amoebae were incubated with hydrogen peroxide and catalase. Catalase reduced the killing effect of hydrogen peroxide to the control level. These data confirmed previous observations of the susceptibility of amoebic trophozoites to hydrogen peroxide and also demonstrated susceptibility to hypochlorite

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1986
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:261096
Provided by: PubMed Central
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