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Inference on microsatellite mutation processes in the invasive mite, Varroa destructor, using reversible jump Markov Chain Monte Carlo

By Jean-Marie Cornuet, M.A. Beaumont, Arnaud Estoup and M. Solignac

Abstract

Correspondance : jmcornuet@supagro.inra.frVarroa destructor is a parasitic mite of the Eastern honeybee Apis cerana. Fifty years ago, two distinct evolutionary lineages (Korean and Japanese) invaded the Western honeybee Apis mellifera. This haplo–diploid parasite species reproduces mainly through brother–sister matings, a system which largely favors the .xation of new mutations. In a worldwide sample of 225 individuals from 21 locations collected on Western honeybees and analyzed at 19 microsatellite loci, a series of de novo mutations was observed. Using historical data concerning the invasion, this original biological system has been exploited to compare three mutation models with allele size constraints for microsatellite markers: stepwise (SMM) and generalized (GSM) mutation models, and a model with mutation rate increasing exponentially with microsatellite length (ESM). Posterior probabilities of the three models have been estimated for each locus individually using reversible jump Markov Chain Monte Carlo. The relative support of each model varies widely among loci, but the GSM is the only model that always receives at least 9% support, whatever the locus. The analysis also provides robust estimates of mutation parameters for each locus and of the divergence time of the two invasive lineages (67,000 generations with a 90% credibility interval of 35,000–174,000). With an average of 10 generations per year, this divergence time .ts with the last post-glacial Korea–Japan land separatio

Topics: MCMC, MARKOV CHAIN MONTE CARLO, MICROSATELLITE, MUTATION MODEL, VARROA DESTRUCTOR, GENETIQUE DES POPULATIONS, INSECTE, abeille domestique, [SDV.EE]Life Sciences [q-bio]/Ecology, environment
Publisher: 'Elsevier BV'
Year: 2006
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.tpb.2005.07.005
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:hal-02668580v1
Provided by: HAL-CIRAD
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