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Transformation of Brown Leghorn chicken embryo fibroblasts by avian myeloblastosis virus proviral DNA.

By J Soret, C Kryceve-Martinerie, J Crochet and B Perbal


Brown Leghorn chicken embryo fibroblasts were transfected with a mixture of avian myeloblastosis virus (AMV) and myeloblastosis-associated virus type 1 (MAV1) proviral DNA purified from lambda-Charon 4A recombinant clones. A transformed cell line (T1AM) able to grow without anchorage in semisolid medium was obtained. The presence of both proviral AMV and MAV sequences was detected in T1AM DNA by hybridization with v-myb- and MAV1-specific probes. Altered AMV and MAV1 proviral genomes were found in T1AM genome. Characterization of the RNA species expressed in transformed cells showed that in addition to a 2.5-kilobase (kb) putative subgenomic v-myb-specific RNA, three other myb-containing RNAs (9.4, 8.4, and 7.0 kb) were present in T1AM cells. No AMV genomic RNA was detected. Also, a new 5.0-kb MAV1-specific RNA species was expressed in transformed cells in addition to MAV1 genomic RNA species (7.8 kb). No infectious AMV virions are released by T1AM cells. Chicken embryo fibroblasts infected by T1AM-released virions contained and expressed all MAV1 sequences detected in T1AM transformed cells but did not express any transformation parameter. These results indicated that the presence of AMV proviral sequences in T1AM cells is responsible for their transformed phenotype

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1985
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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