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Comparative analysis of the VP3 gene of divergent strains of the rotaviruses simian SA11 and bovine Nebraska calf diarrhea virus.

By K Nishikawa, K Taniguchi, A Torres, Y Hoshino, K Green, A Z Kapikian, R M Chanock and M Gorziglia

Abstract

The gene encoding outer capsid protein VP3 of subpopulations of two animal rotaviruses, simian SA11 and Nebraska calf diarrhea virus (NCDV), was analyzed. Two laboratory strains of simian SA11 rotavirus (SA11-SEM and SA11-FEM) differed with respect to VP3. This dimorphism was indicated by a difference in electrophoretic mobility and a difference in reactivity with anti-VP3 monoclonal antibodies. The overall VP3 amino acid homology between the two SA11 VP3 proteins was 82.7%, whereas the VP3 protein of SA11-FEM was 98.5% homologous in amino acid sequence to NCDV VP3, suggesting that SA11-FEM VP3 was derived by gene reassortment in the laboratory during contamination with a bovine rotavirus. A comparison of the deduced amino acid sequence of the VP3 of two virulent NCDV strains and an attenuated NCDV strain (RIT 4237), revealed only five amino acid differences which were scattered throughout the protein but did not involve the trypsin cleavage sites. Of interest, the VP3 of the standard strain of NCDV which is virulent for cows differed in only one amino acid (position 23, Gln to Lys) from the VP3 of an NCDV mutant which was attenuated both for cows and for children

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1988
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:253831
Provided by: PubMed Central
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