The gp70 and transmembrane gp20 envelope proteins of simian retrovirus-D serotype 1 (SRV-1) were expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae as fusion proteins with human superoxide dismutase (SOD). Expression of the SOD-gp70 and SOD-gp20 sequences yielded fusion proteins of 52 and 29 kilodaltons, respectively. The yeast-expressed SRV-1 envelope proteins were used in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of antibodies in the sera of rhesus macaques that recovered from SRV-1. Sera from 47 of 49 such monkeys tested positive for antibodies to the SOD-gp70 fusion protein, while 45 of 49 reacted positively to SOD-gp20. None of 26 SRV-1-nonexposed monkeys tested positive in either ELISA. Monkeys immunized with the recombinant SRV-1 gp20 and gp70 proteins made good ELISA and Western blot (immunoblot) antibodies to whole SRV-1. This antibody was not neutralizing in vitro, however
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