The fine structure of more than 20 marine pseudomonads and more than 15 achromobacters was examined. Under the conditions extant, clear differences between members of these two groups were seen. The pseudomonads displayed the characteristic gram-negative morphology: the cell wall was irregularly undulant and the cytoplasmic membrane more nearly planar, ribonucleoprotein (RNP) particles were loosely packed throughout the periphery of the cytoplasm, and the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) was axially disposed. Cell division appeared to be by constriction. Some strains characteristically produced evaginations or blebs of the cell wall. Occasionally, thick, densely stained ring structures were seen which are possibly analogous to mesosomes. In contrast, the achromobacters demonstrated a regularly undulant outer cell wall element and a planar inner wall. The cytoplasmic membrane was thin and not readily observed. RNP particles were densely stained and tightly packed in the cytoplasm; the DNA was most often lobate in disposition. Cellular division was mediated by the formation of a septum which consisted of the cytoplasmic membrane and the inner element of the cell wall. Mesosomes were observed in all of the strains examined. Dense inclusion bodies were also seen in many strains
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