The nature and quantity of the phospholipids of Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli K-12 have been examined. The main classes of phospholipids, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, and cardiolipin have been completely characterized. Four minor compounds have been detected: phosphatidylserine, phosphatidic acid, and two partially characterized lipids. The phospholipid composition of the two organisms is quite similar, the only difference is the absence of one of the minor components and a decreased level of all components in E. coli. A study of the turnover of the phosphate in the phospholipids demonstrated no turnover in phosphatidylethanolamine, a slow turnover in phosphatidylglycerol, and a slow turnover in cardiolipin with, possibly, a transfer of phosphate from phosphatidylglycerol to cardiolipin. The amino acid phenylalanine is shown to become incorporated intact into lipidic compounds which have been partially characterized. Methods for the isolation and separation of lipids have been examined for their utility with these bacteria
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