Seven mutants of Haemophilus influenzae were isolated by the criterion of sensitivity to ultraviolet (UV) inactivation of colony formation. These mutants and the wild type were characterized with regard to X-ray inactivation of colony formation, UV induction of division inhibition, the ability of the eight strains to act as recipients to UV-irradiated H. influenzae phage and transforming deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), and the influence of acriflavine on the survival of UV-irradiated transforming DNA with these strains as recipients. The photoreactivable sector of transforming DNA with yeast photoreactivating enzyme was measured for the most UV-sensitive mutant and was found to be greater than that of wild type. Judged by the above criteria, the order of the strains' sensitivities shows some, but by no means complete, correlation from one type of sensitivity characterization to another, indicating that a minimum of two variables is needed to explain the differences in the strains. Acriflavine increases the UV sensitivity of transforming DNA except in the most sensitive mutant. This effect is usually, but not always, more pronounced in the case of the more UV-resistant marker. The acriflavine effect is postulated to be the result of at least two factors: (i) interference with repair of transforming DNA in the host cell, and (ii) interference with the probability of recombination between transforming DNA and host DNA
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