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Fraction of Ribosomes Synthesizing Protein as a Function of Specific Growth Rate

By R. J. Harvey


The fraction of ribosomes engaged in protein synthesis in Escherichia coli growing at specific growth rates ranging from 0.3 to 1.2 h−1 was estimated from measurements of nascent protein/ribosome and of polyribosomes. Both measurements showed that the fraction of ribosomes synthesizing protein increased with specific growth rate, from 30 to 70% over the range studied. Polyribosome measurements made at different specific growth rates in four E. coli strains showed no significant differences between strains. The increase in the fraction of polyribosomes had begun within 30 s after a shift-up from glucose-minimal medium, and was complete within 2 to 5 min. These results indicate that the function of ribosomes is regulated

Topics: Genetics and Molecular Biology
Year: 1973
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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