Neural cell adhesion molecule L1 modulates type I but not type II inner ear spiral ganglion neurite outgrowth in an in vitro alternate choice assay


L1, a neural cell adhesion molecule of the immunoglobulin superfamily, is widely expressed in the nervous system and important in axonal outgrowth, guidance, synapse formation, and signaling. Gene deletion studies emphasize the significance of L1 during development of the central nervous system and L1 is crucial for the topographic targeting of retinal axons. In contrast to the brain and retina, the role of L1 in the inner ear is largely unknown. While previous studies have localized L1 in the developing inner ear of the chicken and mouse, its function during the innervation of the cochlea still remains largely unclear. We therefore investigated the functional role of L1 in the mammalian inner ear. Our aim was to determine whether or not L1 can modulate type I and/or type II spiral ganglion neuron outgrowth using an in vitro alternate choice assay. We found that L1, presented in stripe micropatterns, provide directional cues to neonatal rodent type I but not type II inner ear spiral ganglion neurites. The results suggest that L1 may play a role in axonal pathfinding of type I spiral ganglion dendrites toward their inner hair cell targets but not of type II toward the outer hair cells

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oaioai:edoc.unibas.ch:36499Last time updated on 5/9/2016

This paper was published in edoc.

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