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Identification and consequences of miRNA-target interactions - beyond repression of gene expression

By Jean Hausser and Mihaela Zavolan

Abstract

Comparative genomics analyses and high-throughput experimental studies indicate that a microRNA (miRNA) binds to hundreds of sites across the transcriptome. Although the knockout of components of the miRNA biogenesis pathway has profound phenotypic consequences, most predicted miRNA targets undergo small changes at the mRNA and protein levels when the expression of the miRNA is perturbed. Alternatively, miRNAs can establish thresholds in and increase the coherence of the expression of their target genes, as well as reduce the cell-to-cell variability in target gene expression. Here, we review the recent progress in identifying miRNA targets and the emerging paradigms of how miRNAs shape the dynamics of target gene expression

Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.1038/nrg3765
OAI identifier: oai:edoc.unibas.ch:34405
Provided by: edoc
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