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Glycoprotein D of herpes simplex virus encodes a domain which precludes penetration of cells expressing the glycoprotein by superinfecting herpes simplex virus.

By G Campadelli-Fiume, S Qi, E Avitabile, L Foà-Tomasi, R Brandimarti and B Roizman

Abstract

Earlier studies have shown that herpes simplex viruses adsorb to but do not penetrate permissive baby hamster kidney clonal cell lines designated the BJ series and constitutively expressing the herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) glycoprotein D (gD). To investigate the mechanism of the restriction, the following steps were done. First, wild-type HSV-1 strain F [HSV-1(F)] virus was passaged blindly serially on clonal line BJ-1 and mutant viruses [HSV-1(F)U] capable of penetration were selected. The DNA fragment capable of transferring the capacity to infect BJ cells by marker transfer contains the gD gene. The mutant gD, designated gDU, differed from wild-type gD only in the substitution of Leu-25 by proline. gDU reacted with monoclonal antibodies which neutralize virus and whose epitopes encompass known functional domains involved in virus entry into cells. It did not react with the monoclonal antibody AP7 previously shown to react with an epitope which includes Leu-25. Second, cell lines expressing gDU constitutively were constructed and cloned. Unlike the clonal cell lines constitutively expressing gD (e.g., the BJ cell line), those expressing gDU were infectable by both HSV-1(F) and HSV-1(F)U. Lastly, exposure of BJ cells to monoclonal antibody AP7 rendered the cells capable of being infected with HSV-1(F). The results indicate that (i) gD expresses a specific function, determined by sequences at or around Leu-25, which blocks entry of virus into cells synthesizing gD, (ii) the gD which blocks penetration by superinfecting virus is located in the plasma membrane, (iii) the target of the restriction to penetration is the identical domain of the gD molecule contained in the envelope of the superinfecting virus, and (iv) the molecular basis of the restriction does not involve competition for a host protein involved in entry, as was previously thought

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1990
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:248781
Provided by: PubMed Central
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