Procjena izloženosti ljudi pesticidima u staklenicima i djelotvornosti osobne zaštitne opreme

Abstract

The exposure to pesticides in a group of workers growing vegetables in greenhouses in farms near Rimini in Italy was evaluated. The pesticides used were organophosphorus compounds, org anochlorine compounds, carbamates, pyrethroids. amide and anilide derivatives. Measurements were carried out in seven greenhouses randomly selected. The environment was free of atmospheric agents which could have influenced the pesticide concentrations in the indoor air. Two types of chemical sampling were performed; environmental and personal. The latter was done in the liquid for washing hands and by means ot pads applied directly to me worker\u27s skin and to the clothes. The aim of the determination of airborne pesticide concentrations was to evaluate mean environmental exposure to pesticides in the sprayed areas. The sampling went on from a fixed point during the entire spraying period. The aim of individual sampling was to determine the active ingredients as contaminants. The values obtained showed a risk of exposure for the greenhouse personnel working without using personal protective devices (masks, gloves and waterproof clothes), considering that pesticides could be absorbed through the skin in between the spraying intervals.Istraživana je izloženost pesticidima u skupini radnika zaposlenih u staklenicima za uzgoj povrća u blizini Riminija LI Italiji. Primjenjivani pesticidi bili su organofosforni, organoklorirani, karbamatni spojevi, piretroidi te derivati amida i anilida. Mjerenja su provedena u sedam slučajno odabranih staklenika. Unutrašnjost staklenika bila je izolirana od vanjskih utjecaja kako pesticidi u vanjskoj atmosferi ne bi utjecali na koncentracije u atmosferi staklenika. Provedene su dvije vrste sakupljanja uzoraka tijekom razdoblja raspršavanja pesticida: iz okoliša i sa ispitanika. U uzorcima zraka sakupljenim u atmosferi staklenika izmjerene su prosječne koncentracije pesticida u području raspršivanja pesticida. Također je sakupljena tekućina za ispiranje ruku radnika i pasivni upijači zagađivala s kože radnika i sa odjeće. Svrha individualnog sakupljanja bila je odrediti aktivne sastojke zagađivala. Dobiveni rezultati pokazuju rizik za izloženost radnika u staklenicima kada rade bez zaštitne opreme (maske, rukavice i vodootporna odjeća) imajući na umu da se pesticidi mogu apsorbirati kožom i u razdoblju između raspršivanja pesticida

Similar works

Full text

thumbnail-image

Hrčak - Portal of scientific journals of Croatia

Provided a free PDF
oai:hrcak.srce.hr:145102Last time updated on 5/9/2016View original full text link

Having an issue?

Is data on this page outdated, violates copyrights or anything else? Report the problem now and we will take corresponding actions after reviewing your request.