State administrative bodies in the penal system

Abstract

Nakon uvodnog izlaganja o razlozima zbog kojih se u Hrvatskoj, prije njezina osamostaljenja, nije posebno isticalo pitanje određivanja nadležnosti tijela državne uprave u sustavu izvršenja kazne zatvora te razvoja ideje o sudjelovanju pored upravnih i sudbenih tijela u tome sustavu, autor upućuje na prava i položaj zatvorenika prema međunarodnom pravu, a zatim prikazuje dva osnovna modela izvršavanja kaznenih sankcija – upravni i upravno-sudbeni model. Govori o reformi izvršavanja zatvorske kazne u Hrvatskoj kojom je prihvaćen upravno-sudbeni model. Na temelju istraživanja o usklađenosti hrvatskoga prava o izvršenju kazne zatvora s međunarodnim standardima glede prava i položaja zatvorenika, općim prilikama u kojima djeluje naš zatvorski sustav kao i praksi sudske zaštite prava zatvorenika putem suca izvršenja, autor analizira i ocjenjuje hrvatski reformski zahvat i nudi prijedloge de lege ferenda.At the moment, there are two basic models of execution of penal sanctions in the European states. According to the first, administrative model, almost all tasks of execution of penal sanctions, particularly of prison sentences, are entrusted to state administrative bodies. In the second, court model, the tasks of execution of penal sanctions are divided between state administrative bodies and courts. In the reform of 1999, Croatia adopted court model, modelled after German and French law(s). The reformed Croatian law of execution of prison sentences has adopted international standards considering prisoners’ position and rights. However, certain changes and amendments of that law are necessary due to the harmonisation with the European prison rules. Nevertheless, the research of practices considering prisoners’ rights protection via the judge of execution, which was introduced as a protective measure in the course of the above mentioned reform, has shown that judicialisation of prison sentence execution as provisioned by the law, has not been justified. The practice has shown that court protection of prisoners’ rights has not been more efficient than the one provided by administrative bodies. The establishment of court jurisdiction in the execution of penal sanctions is a matter of future processes, where there should exist normative and other prerequisites necessary for individualisation of the sanction (of prison sentence in particular) during its execution and according to the particularities of the person receiving the sanction

Similar works

Full text

thumbnail-image

Hrčak - Portal of scientific journals of Croatia

Provided a free PDF
oai:hrcak.srce.hr:135927Last time updated on 5/9/2016View original full text link

Having an issue?

Is data on this page outdated, violates copyrights or anything else? Report the problem now and we will take corresponding actions after reviewing your request.