10.15255/CABEQ.2014.19400

Reducing Fat Globules Particle-Size in Goat Milk: Ultrasound and High Hydrostatic Pressures Approach

Abstract

Innovative and eco-friendly food technologies in practical usage today like Ultrasound (US) and High Hydrostatic Pressures (HHP) are feasible to adequately maintain various food properties while processed, such as texture, sensorial and organoleptic characteristics, and microbiological issues as well. Benchmarked attribute of the mentioned approach lies in the ability of US and HHP to control and withhold both temperature and treatment duration. While temperature could be controlled within room ambient, treatment time is mostly below 30 minutes. US and HHP treatment were performed as separate treatments in order to obtain better homogenization. Goat milk was exposed to ultrasonic propagation up to 100 W of nominal power and high pressures up to 600 MPa. Maximum treatment time was 9 minutes. Ultrasonic homogenization indicates enhanced homogeneity of fat globules while high pressure process parameters have a significant influence on the observed mean particle diameter (fat globules). Improved stability and quality of emulsions (goat milk) was obtained by both applied processes. Statistical analysis indicated the influence of process parameters on fat globule size distribution between 0.3 – 4 μm and variance lower than 0.6

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