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Examination of Methods for Enumerating Hemicellulose-Utilizing Bacteria in the Rumen

By Penelope A. Henning


Counts of colonies that developed after 4 days on agar medium containing 0.3% xylan and preincubated rumen fluid were similar to counts of xylanolytic bacteria obtained when total culturable counts were multiplied by the percentage of isolates capable of producing acid from xylan. Shortening the incubation period reduced the chance of including satellite colonies of non-xylanolytic organisms in the count. Nearly all of the xylanolytic isolates irrespective of the medium from which they were isolated degraded and utilized xylan extensively. The use of a culture medium containing a high concentration (3%) of xylan is also described. The number of colonies capable of producing clearings in this medium was less than 10% of the total culturable counts. Isolates from such colonies were shown to produce diffusible (extracellular) xylanases

Topics: General Microbial Ecology
Year: 1979
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:243427
Provided by: PubMed Central
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