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Energetics of Growth of a Defined Mixed Culture of Desulfovibrio vulgaris and Methanosarcina barkeri: Interspecies Hydrogen Transfer in Batch and Continuous Cultures

By Alfred S. Traore, Marie-Laure Fardeau, Claude E. Hatchikian, Jean Le Gall and Jean-Pierre Belaich

Abstract

Interspecies hydrogen transfer was studied in Desulfovibrio vulgaris-Methanosarcina barkeri mixed cultures. Experiments were performed under batch and continuous growth culture conditions. Lactate or pyruvate was used as an energy source. In batch culture and after 30 days of simultaneous incubation, these organisms were found to yield 1.5 mol of methane and 1.5 mol of carbon dioxide per mol of lactate fermented. When M. barkeri served as the hydrogen acceptor, growth yields of D. vulgaris were higher compared with those obtained on pyruvate without any electron acceptor other than protons. In continuous culture, all of the carbon derived from the oxidation of lactate was recovered as methane and carbon dioxide, provided the dilution rate was minimal. Increasing the dilution rate induced a gradual accumulation of acetate, causing acetate metabolism to cease at above μ = 0.05 h−1. Under these conditions all of the methane produced originated from carbon dioxide. The growth yields of D. vulgaris were measured when sulfate or M. barkeri was the electron acceptor. Two key observations resulted from the present study. First, although sulfate was substituted by M. barkeri, metabolism of D. vulgaris was only slightly modified. The coculture-fermented lactate produced equimolar quantities of carbon dioxide and methane. Second, acetogenesis and methane formation from acetate were completely separable

Topics: Physiology and Biotechnology
Year: 1983
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:239533
Provided by: PubMed Central
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