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Effect of Macromolecular Synthesis on the Coordinate Morphogenesis of Polar Surface Structures in Caulobacter crescentus

By Akio Fukuda and Yoshimi Okada

Abstract

The Caulobacter polar surface structures (flagella, pili, and the deoxyribonucleic acid phage φCbK receptors), which are expressed at proximal sites of swarmer cells in a coordinate manner (Shapiro, Annu. Rev. Microbiol., 30:377-407, 1976) could be blocked by a single mutation. The mutant C. crescentus CB13 ple-801 did not form these surface structures when grown at 35°C. Upon shift down to 25°C, the mutant cells initiated the formation of the surface structures. When mitomycin C was added to the mutant culture upon shift down from 35 to 25°C, φCbK receptor formation was inhibited to a minimal level. Rifampin and chloramphenicol completely inhibited φCbK receptor formation when added to the mutant culture upon shift down. Deoxyribonucleic acid as well as ribonucleic acid and protein synthesis seem to be required for the formation of φCbK receptors. Penicillin V also inhibited φCbK receptor formation, indicating the involvement of cell wall synthesis. When the mutant CB13 ple-801 cells were shifted down briefly from 35 to 25°C and then shifted up to 35°C, flagella and φCbK receptors were formed even at 35°C to different extents depending on how long the cells were incubated at 25°C. This formation of the surface structures at 35°C was inhibited by rifampin. From these results, it appears that translation, assembly, or localization processes for the formation of the surface structures are not temperature sensitive at 35°C in the pleiotropic mutant CB13 ple-801. The syntheses of deoxyribonucleic acid and the cell wall do not appear to be temperature sensitive either, since the mutant grows normally at 35°C. It is suggested that there exists a regulatory step that commits the cells to initiate the synthesis of requisite ribonucleic acid for the formation of the polar surface structures

Topics: Morphology and Ultrastructure
Year: 1977
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:235343
Provided by: PubMed Central
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