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Membrane-bound thioesterase activity in mycoplasmas.

By S Rottem, S L Trotter and M F Barile


Thioesterase activity was found in all mycoplasmas tested. Activity was highest in Acholeplasma species, whereas most of the sterol-requiring Mycoplasma species showed little activity. The thioesterase activity of Acholoplasma laidlawii is confined to the cell membrane. The enzyme could not be released from the membrane by either low- or high-ionic-strength solutions, with or without ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, nor solubilized by detergents. The enzyme has a general specificity for long-chain saturated and unsaturated fatty acid thioesters. The preferred substrates among the saturated fatty acyl derivatives are the myristyl and palmityl derivatives. Arrhenius plots of thioesterase activities in A. laidlawii membranes enriched with elaidic or palmitic acids showed discontinuities at 12 and 18 degrees C, respectively. The possible regulatory significance of the thioesterase activity for the fatty acid synthetase and the possibllity that the activity of the enzyme is controlled by the physical state of membrane lipids are discussed

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1977
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:235001
Provided by: PubMed Central
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