A nitroalkane-oxidizing enzyme was purified about 1,300-fold from a cell extract of Hansenula mrakii grown in a medium containing nitroethane as the sole nitrogen source by ammonium sulfate fractionation, diethylaminoethyl-cellulose column chromatography, hydroxyapatite column chromatography, and Bio-Gel P-150 column chromatography. The enzyme was shown to be homogeneous upon acrylamide gel electrophoresis and ultracentrifugation. The enzyme exhibits absorption maxima at 274, 370, 415, and 440 nm and a shoulder at 470 nm. Balance studies showed that 2 mol of 2-nitropropane is converted into an equimolar amount of acetone and nitrite with the consumption of 1 mol of oxygen. Hydrogen peroxide is not formed in the enzyme reaction. In addition to 2-nitropropane, 1-nitropropane and nitroethane are oxidatively dentrified by the enzyme, but nitromethane is inert to the enzyme. The nitroalkanes are not oxidized under anaerobic conditions
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