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Physiological and genetic regulation of the aldohexuronate transport system in Escherichia coli.

By G Nemoz, J Robert-Baudouy and F Stoeber


In Escherichia coli K-12, the specificity of the aldohexuronate transport system (THU) is restricted to glucuronate and galacturonate. There is a relatively high basal-level activity in uninduced wild-type or isomeraseless strains. Supplementary activity is obtained with the inducers mannonic amide (five-fold), galacturonate (fourfold), fructuronate (fivefold), and tagaturonate (sevenfold). Specific THU- mutants were selected as strains unable to grow on either aldohexuronate but able to grow on fructuronate or tagaturonate. The remaining transport activity in uninduced and induced THU- starins represents less than 20% of that found in the wild type. Conjugation and transduction experiments indicate that all of the THU- mutations are located in a unique locus, exuT, half-way between the tolC (59 min) and argG (61 min) markers. exuT is closely linked to the uxaC-uxaA operon (60 min) and to the regulatory gene exuR (60 min), which controls the above-mentioned operon and the uxaB operon (45 min). Growth on either aldohexuronate and transport activity are fully recovered when exuT mutants are allowed to revert to exuT+ on galacturonate or glucuronate. Reversion on glucuronate alone may lead to the mutational derepression of the 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate transport system, which is uninducible in the wild type, which also takes up glucuronate, and whose structural gene belongs to the kdg regulon. Such strains, which remain unable to grow on galacturonate, are exuT and kdgR (constitutive allele of the regulatory gene kdgR of the kdg regulon). THU activity is superrepressed in an exuR mutant in which the uxaC-uxaA operon and the uxaB operon are superrepressed; exuR+/exuR merodiploids are also superrepressed. In a thermosensitive exuR mutant in which the above-mentioned operons are constitutive at 42 degrees C, the THU activity is fully derepressed at this temperature. On the basis of these and other results, it is concluded that THU is coded for by the structural gene exuT, which is negatively controlled by the exuR gene product and which probably belongs to an operon distinct from the uxaA-uxaC operon

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1976
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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