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Usefulness of the secondary probe pTBN12 in DNA fingerprinting of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

By F Chaves, Z Yang, H el Hajj, M Alonso, W J Burman, K D Eisenach, F Dronda, J H Bates and M D Cave


A comparison was made between DNA fingerprints of Mycobacterium tuberculosis produced with the insertion sequence IS6110 and those produced with the polymorphic GC-rich repetitive sequence contained in the plasmid pTBN12. A total of 302 M. tuberculosis isolates from the prison system in Madrid, Spain, and the Denver Public Health Department (Denver, Colo.) were analyzed with the two probes. Both probes identified the same isolates in the same clusters when the fingerprints had six or more copies of IS6110. Analysis of isolates with unique IS6110 fingerprints demonstrated that they were unique with pTBN12. The pTBN12 probe had greater discriminating power in isolates having five or fewer copies of IS6110. Forty-seven isolates from Denver having fewer than five copies of IS6110 which were grouped in 11 clusters with identical fingerprint patterns were subdivided into 35 different patterns by pTBN12. Isolates with IS6110 fingerprints with more than six copies of IS6110 that differed from one another by only one or two hybridizing bands were analyzed with pTBN12. Most of these sets of isolates demonstrated identical patterns with pTBN12. However, some exceptions were observed, suggesting that those having nearly identical IS6110 patterns should not necessarily be included in the same cluster. Since IS6110 provides more polymorphism in the fingerprint, it is most useful in identifying isolates with unique fingerprint patterns and those in clusters in which the isolates contain six or more copies of the insertion. However, it is necessary to employ a secondary probe, such as pTBN12, to discriminate isolates with five or fewer copies of IS6110 and those with similar but not identical IS6110 patterns

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1996
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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