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Long-term colonization with single and multiple strains of Helicobacter pylori assessed by DNA fingerprinting.

By N S Taylor, J G Fox, N S Akopyants, D E Berg, N Thompson, B Shames, L Yan, E Fontham, F Janney and F M Hunter

Abstract

The gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori establishes long-term chronic infections that can lead to gastritis, peptic ulcers, and cancer. The species is so diverse that distinctly different strains are generally recovered from each patient. To better understand the dynamics of long-term carriage, we characterized H. pylori isolates from initial and follow-up biopsy specimens from a patient population at high risk of H. pylori infection and gastric cancer. Eighty-five isolates were obtained from 23 patients and were analyzed by genomic restriction enzyme analysis, arbitrarily primed PCR fingerprinting, (random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis), and/or restriction of specific PCR-amplified genes (restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis). A single strain was found in sequential biopsy specimens from 12 of 15 patients (80%) receiving sucralfate. In the remaining three patients treated with sucralfate, two strains were identified in two patients and three strains were identified in the third patient. In contrast, a single strain was found in sequential biopsy specimens from only three of eight patients (37%) receiving bismuth, metronidazole, and nitrofurantoin. Two strains were identified in five other patients receiving bismuth-antibiotic (63%). Immunoglobulin G antibodies to H. pylori were present in the sera of all patients. Thus, H. pylori colonization can persist for long periods (up to at least 4 years), despite high titers of immunoglobulin G antibodies in serum. Resistance to metronidazole was noted in some strains before and/or after treatment, but all strains remained susceptible to amoxicillin, tetracycline, and nitrofurantoin.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1995
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:228068
Provided by: PubMed Central
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