The injection of ecdysone (molting hormone) into chironomid larvae is known to result in the stimulation of specific gene activities (increased RNA synthesis). The morphological manifestation of this gene activation is the formation of a puff. Cytological and autoradiographic analysis of several regions of the salivary gland chromosomes of Chironomus tentans revealed that ecdysone also stimulates Balbiani ring 1. In contradistinction to the puffs, the Balbiani rings are tissue specific and account for a significant percentage of the cell's non-nucleolar RNA
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