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Physiological characterization of an Escherichia coli mutant altered in the structure of murein lipoprotein.

By D W Yem and H C Wu

Abstract

Studies using isogenic transductant strains mlpA+ and mlpA as well as reversion analysis suggested that the physiological consequences of a structural gene mutation in murein lipoprotein include (i) increased sensitivity toward chelating agents ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and ethyleneglycol-bis (beta-aminoethyl ether)-N,N-tetraacetic acid, (ii) leakage of periplasmic enzyme ribonuclease, (iii) weakened association between the outer membrane and the rigid layer accentuated by Mg2+ starvation, resulting in the formation of outer membrane blebs, and (iv) decreased growth rate in media of low ionic strength or low osmolarity. It is suggested that the bound form of lipoprotein plays an important role in the maintenance of the structural integrity of the outer membrane of the Escherichia coli cell envelope. Other outer membrane components may also contribute to the anchorage of outer membrane to the rigid layer, probably through ionic interactions with divalent cations. Using the phenotype of ribonuclease leakage as an unselected marker in a three-factor cross with P1 transduction, we were able to establish the gene order of man mlpA aroD pps on the E. coli chromosome

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1978
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:222180
Provided by: PubMed Central
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