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Histopathology of Y-organ in Indian white shrimp Fenneropenaeus indicus, experimentally infected with white spot syndrome virus

By K K Vijayan, C P Balasubramanian, K P Jithendran, S V Alavandi and T C Santiago

Abstract

Histopathology of Y-organ (moulting gland) in Indian white shrimp Fenneropenaeus indicus was studied after challenging the shrimp with virulent white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). Histopathological investigation on the Y-organ collected from moribund shrimps revealed the presence of intranuclear basophilic inclusions, characteristic of WSSV. More than 70% of the Y-organ cells were infected, suggesting the degenerated state of the organ. The cellular integrity of the Y-organ was completely destroyed by the WSSV. Further, Y-organ tissue samples collected from all the 16 experimental shrimp were positive by one-step polymerase chain reaction (PCR), confirming severe WSSV infection. The infected Y-organ in F. indicus with majority of the organ cells observed in the lysed condition suggests a physiological dysfunction of the organ. In uninfected and healthy controls, the lobulated Y-organ showed closely packed normal cells with prominent nuclei and sparse cytoplasm. Physiological implication of a degenerated Y-organ in the moulting and reproduction of the penaeid shrimp is discussed

Topics: Fish Pathology
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2003
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.cmfri.org.in:5790

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