Some strains of Klebsiella pneumonia secrete pullulanase, a debranching enzyme which produces linear molecules (maltodextrins, amylose) from amylopectin and glycogen. pulA, the structural gene for pullulanase, was introduced into Escherichia coli, either on a multiple-copy-number plasmid or as a single copy in the chromosome. When in E. coli, pulA was controlled by malT, the positive regulatory gene of the maltose regulon. Indeed, pulA expression was undetectable in a malT-negative mutant and constitutive in a malTc strain. Furthermore, the plasmid carrying pulA titrated the MalT protein. When produced in E. coli, pullulanase was not localized in the same way as in K. pneumoniae. In the latter case it was first exported to the outer membrane, with which it remained loosely associated, and was then released into the growth medium. In E. coli the enzyme was distributed both in the inner and the outer membranes and was never released into the growth medium
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