Trichosporon cutaneum is shown to utilize six disaccharides, cellobiose, maltose, lactose, sucrose, melibiose, and trehalose. T. cutaneum can thus be counted with the rather restricted group of yeasts (11 to 12% of all investigated) which can utilize lactose and melibiose. The half-saturation constants for uptake were 10 +/- 3 mM sucrose or lactose and 5 +/- 1 mM maltose, which is of the same order of magnitude as those reported for Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Our results indicate that maltose shares a common transport system with sucrose and that there may be some interaction between the uptake systems for lactose, cellobiose, and glucose. Lactose, cellobiose, and melibiose are hydrolyzed by cell wall-bound glycosidase(s), suggesting hydrolysis before or in connection with uptake. In contrast, maltose, sucrose, and trehalose seem to be taken up as such. The uptake of sucrose and lactose is dependent on a proton gradient across the cell membrane. In contrast, there were no indications of the involvement of gradients of H+, K+, or Na+ in the uptake of maltose. The uptake of lactose is to a large extent inducible, as is the corresponding glycosidase. Also the glycosidases for cellobiose, trehalose, and melibiose are inducible. In contrast, the uptake of sucrose and maltose and the corresponding glycosidases is constitutive
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