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Purification and characterization of an alpha-glucosidase from a hyperthermophilic archaebacterium, Pyrococcus furiosus, exhibiting a temperature optimum of 105 to 115 degrees C.

By H R Costantino, S H Brown and R M Kelly


Pyrococcus furiosus is a strictly anaerobic hyperthermophilic archaebacterium with an optimal growth temperature of about 100 degrees C. When this organism was grown in the presence of certain complex carbohydrates, the production of several amylolytic enzymes was noted. These enzymes included an alpha-glucosidase that was located in the cell cytoplasm. This alpha-glucosidase has been purified 310-fold and corresponded to a protein band of 125 kilodaltons as resolved by 10% sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The enzyme exhibited optimum activity at pH 5.0 to 6.0 and over a temperature range of 105 to 115 degrees C. Kinetic analysis conducted at 108 degrees C revealed hydrolysis of the substrates p-nitrophenyl-alpha-D-glucopyranoside (PNPG), methyl-alpha-D-glucopyranoside, maltose, and isomaltose. Trace activity was detected towards p-nitrophenyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside, and no activity could be detected towards starch or sucrose. Inhibition studies conducted at 108 degrees C with PNPG as the substrate and maltose as the inhibitor yielded a Ki for maltose of 14.3 mM. Preincubation for 30 min at 98 degrees C in 100 mM dithiothreitol and 1.0 M urea had little effect on enzyme activity, whereas preincubation in 1.0% sodium dodecyl sulfate and 1.0 M guanidine hydrochloride resulted in significant loss of enzyme activity. Purified alpha-glucosidase from P. furiosus exhibited remarkable thermostability; incubation of the enzyme at 98 degrees C resulted in a half life of nearly 48 h

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1990
DOI identifier: 10.1128/jb.172.7.3654-3660.1990
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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