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Nucleotide sequence and mutational analysis of the structural genes (anfHDGK) for the second alternative nitrogenase from Azotobacter vinelandii.

By R D Joerger, M R Jacobson, R Premakumar, E D Wolfinger and P E Bishop


The nucleotide sequence of a region of the Azotobacter vinelandii genome exhibiting sequence similarity to nifH has been determined. The order of open reading frames within this 6.1-kilobase-pair region was found to be anfH (alternative nitrogen fixation, nifH-like gene), anfD (nifD-like gene), anfG (potentially encoding a protein similar to the product of vnfG from Azotobacter chroococcum), anfK (nifK-like gene), followed by two additional open reading frames. The 5'-flanking region of anfH contains a nif promoter similar to that found in the A. vinelandii nifHDK gene cluster. The presumed products of anfH, anfD, and anfK are similar in predicted Mr and pI to the previously described subunits of nitrogenase 3. Deletion plus insertion mutations introduced into the anfHDGK region of wild-type strain A. vinelandii CA resulted in mutant strains that were unable to grow in Mo-deficient, N-free medium but grew in the presence of 1 microM Na2MoO4 or V2O5. Introduction of the same mutations into the nifHDK deletion strain CA11 resulted in strains that grew under diazotrophic conditions only in the presence of vanadium. The lack of nitrogenase 3 subunits in these mutant strains was demonstrated through two-dimensional gel analysis of protein extracts from cells derepressed for nitrogenase under Mo and V deficiency. These results indicate that anfH, anfD, and anfK encode structural proteins for nitrogenase 3

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1989
DOI identifier: 10.1128/jb.171.2.1075-1086.1989
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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