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Chromosomal organization and expression of Escherichia coli pabA.

By P V Tran, T A Bannor, S Z Doktor and B P Nichols

Abstract

The pabA gene in Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium encodes the glutamine amidotransferase subunit of para-aminobenzoate synthase, which catalyzes the first reaction in the conversion of chorismate to para-aminobenzoate (PABA). We have determined the nucleotide sequences of 1,362 base pairs preceding E. coli pabA and of 981 base pairs preceding S. typhimurium pabA. The nucleotide sequences suggest the presence of two protein-coding regions immediately upstream of pabA, designated orf1 and fic. Transcription analysis indicates that E. coli pabA is encoded by two overlapping transcriptional units. The polycistronic transcriptional unit includes orf1-fic-pabA and is initiated by the promoter designated P2. The monocistronic unit includes only pabA and is initiated by the promoter designated P1, which is located in the fic-coding region. Both promoters transcribe pabA to about the same steady-state level. However, expression analysis using chromosomal pabA-lacZ translational fusions indicated that P1 expressed PabA at least 50-fold more efficiently than P2. pabA-dependent growth rate analysis indicates that P1 is essential and P2 is dispensable for PABA metabolism. In the absence of P1, growth was reduced as a result of insufficient PabA expressed from P2. The significance of these results and possible posttranscriptional control mechanisms which affect PabA expression from the P2-initiated polycistronic unit are discussed

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1990
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:208445
Provided by: PubMed Central
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