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The osa gene of pSa encodes a 21.1-kilodalton protein that suppresses Agrobacterium tumefaciens oncogenicity.

By S M Close and C I Kado


The incompatibility group W plasmid pSa suppresses Agrobacterium tumefaciens oncogenicity (J. Loper and C. Kado, J. Bacteriol. 139:591-596, 1979). The oncogenic suppressive activity was localized to a 3.1-kb region of pSa by Tn5 mutagenesis and deletion analysis. Within this fragment, a 1.1-kb subclone bearing oncogenic suppressive activity was subjected to further characterization. Nucleotide sequencing of the 1.1-kb fragment revealed a 570-bp open reading frame (ORF1) that has a coding capacity for a protein of 21.1 kDa. Sequencing of flanking regions revealed a second ORF (ORF2) located 3 bp upstream of ORF1, with a coding capacity for a protein of 22.8 kDa. Gene fusions of these ORFs to a T7 phi 10 expression system in Escherichia coli resulted in the synthesis of polypeptides of the predicted sizes. An E. coli promoter consensus sequence was not found in the expected positions in the region preceding ORF1. However, several sequences with similarity to the consensus -10 sequence of the A. tumefaciens vir gene promoters were found upstream of ORF1. Potential translational start signals are upstream of ORF1 and ORF2. These sequences showed no significant similarity at the nucleotide or amino acid levels with those in available data bases. However, the C-terminal portion of the ORF1 protein is rich in hydrophobic residues. Perhaps oncogenicity suppression is effected by an association of this protein with the Agrobacterium membrane such that T-DNA transfer is blocked

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1991
DOI identifier: 10.1128/jb.173.17.5449-5456.1991
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central
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