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Phylogenetic relationships among Frankia genomic species determined by use of amplified 16S rDNA sequences.

By S Nazaret, B Cournoyer, P Normand and P Simonet

Abstract

Actinomycetes of the genus Frankia establish a nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with a large number of woody dicotyledonous plants. Hundreds of strains isolated from various actinorhizal plants growing in different geographical areas have recently been classified into at least nine genomic species by use of the DNA-DNA hybridization technique (M.P. Fernandez, H. Meugnier, P.A.D. Grimont, and R. Bardin, Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 39:424-429, 1989). A protocol based on the amplification and sequencing of 16S ribosomal DNA segments was used to classify and estimate the phylogenetic relationships among eight different genomic species. A good correlation was established between the grouping of strains according to their 16S ribosomal DNA sequence homology and that based on total DNA homology, since most genomic species could be characterized by a specific sequence. The phylogenetic tree showed that strains belonging to the Alnus infectivity group are closely related to strains belonging to the Casuarina infectivity group and that strains of these two infectivity groups are well separated from strains of the Elaeagnus infectivity group, which also includes atypical strains isolated from the Casuarina group. This phylogenetic analysis was also very efficient for classifying previously unclassified pure cultures or unisolatable strains by using total DNA extracted directly from nodules

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1991
DOI identifier: 10.1128/jb.173.13.4072-4078.1991
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:208055
Provided by: PubMed Central
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