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Cloning of a methanol-inducible moxF promoter and its analysis in moxB mutants of Methylobacterium extorquens AM1rif.

By C J Morris and M E Lidstrom

Abstract

In Methylobacterium extorquens AM1, gene encoding methanol dehydrogenase polypeptides are transcriptionally regulated in response to C1 compounds, including methanol (M. E. Lidstrom and D. I. Stirling, Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 44:27-57, 1990). In order to study this regulation, a transcriptional fusion has been constructed between a beta-galactosidase reporter gene and a 1.55-kb XhoI-SalI fragment of M. extorquens AM1rif DNA encoding the N terminus of the methanol dehydrogenase large subunit (moxF) and 1,289 bp of upstream DNA. The fusion exhibited orientation-specific promoter activity in M. extorquens AM1rif but was expressed constitutively when the transcriptional fusion was located on the plasmid. However, correct regulation was restored when the construction was inserted in the M. extorquens AM1rif chromosome. This DNA fragment was shown to contain both the moxFJGI promoter and the sequences necessary in cis for its transcriptional regulation by methanol. Transcription from this promoter was studied in the M. extorquens AM1rif moxB mutant strains UV4rif and UV25rif, which have a pleiotropic phenotype with regard to the components of methanol oxidation. In these mutants, beta-galactosidase activity from the fusion was reduced to a level equal to that of the vector background when the fusion was present in both plasmid and chromosomal locations. Since both constitutive and methanol-inducible promoter activities were lost in the mutants, moxB appears to be required for transcription of the genes encoding the methanol dehydrogenase polypeptides

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1992
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:206230
Provided by: PubMed Central
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