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Detailed Characterization and Comparison of Four Lactic Streptococcal Bacteriophages Based on Morphology, Restriction Mapping, DNA Homology, and Structural Protein Analysis

By John A. Coveney, Gerald F. Fitzgerald and Charles Daly


Bacteriophages uc1001 and uc1002, which are lytic for Streptococcus cremoris UC501 and UC502, respectively, were characterized in detail. Comparisons were made with a previously characterized phage, P008, which is lytic for Streptococcus lactis subsp. diacetylactis F7/2, and uc3001, which is a lytic phage for S. cremoris UC503. Phages uc1001 and uc1002 had small isometric heads (diameters, 52 and 50 nm, respectively) and noncontractile tails (lengths, 152 and 136 nm, respectively), and uc1002 also had a collar. Both had 30.1 ± 0.6 kilobase pairs (kbp) of DNA with cross-complementary cohesive ends. Restriction endonuclease maps made with seven endonucleases showed no common fragments. Despite this there was a very high level of homology between uc1001 and uc1002, and results of cross-hybridization experiments showed that the organization of both phage genomes was similar. Heteroduplex analysis confirmed this and quantified the level of homology at 83%. The regions of nonhomology comprised 2.1−, 1.1−, and 1.0-kbp deletion loops and 13 smaller loops and bubbles. The sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic structural protein profiles were related, with a major band of about 40,000 molecular weight and minor bands of 35,000 and 34,000 molecular weight in common. There were also differences, however, in that uc1001 had a second major band of 68,000 molecular weight and two extra minor bands. Except for the restriction maps, which were strain specific, phages uc1001, uc1002, and P008 were closely related by all the criteria listed above. Their DNAs also showed a very significant bias against the cleavage sites of 9 of 11 restriction endonucleases. Phage uc3001 was unrelated to uc1001, uc1002, or P008 in that it had a prolate head (53 by 39 nm) and a shorter tail (105 nm), contained approximately 22 kbp of DNA, had unrelated cohesive ends, showed no DNA homology with the isometric-headed phages, and displayed a very different structural protein profile

Topics: Genetics and Molecular Biology
Year: 1987
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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