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Rhizobial Ecology of the Woody Legume Mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa) in the Sonoran Desert

By Michael B. Jenkins, Ross A. Virginia and Wesley M. Jarrell


Soil samples were collected from the surface (0 to 0.6 m) and phreatic (3.9 to 4.5 m) root systems of a Prosopis glandulosa woodland in the Sonoran Desert of southern California. P. glandulosa seedlings were inoculated with these soils, and rhizobia were isolated from nodules. The phreatic soil, characterized by constant moisture and temperature but low nutrient availability, favored slow-growing (SG) isolates as nodule occupants (85%). SG isolates from the surface and phreatic soil were distinct based on differences in colony morphology. Isolates from the surface soil, characterized by high nutrient availability and widely fluctuating water content and temperature, were equally represented by fast-growing and SG rhizobia. Most SG isolates (83%) had nodule relative efficiencies of <0.80, whereas 54% of the fast-growing isolates had relative efficiency values of >0.80

Topics: Microorganism-Plant Interactions
Year: 1987
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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