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Production of Dihomo-γ-Linolenic Acid by a Δ5-Desaturase-Defective Mutant of Mortierella alpina 1S-4

By Saeree Jareonkitmongkol, Hiroshi Kawashima, Norifumi Shirasaka, Sakayu Shimizu and Hideaki Yamada

Abstract

A mutant, which has low Δ5-desaturase activity, of an arachidonic acid-producing fungus, Mortierella alpina 1S-4, was shown to be a novel potent producer of dihomo-γ-linolenic acid (DHGA). On submerged culture under optimal conditions for 6 days at 28°C in a 10-liter fermentor, the mutant produced 3.2 g of DHGA per liter of culture broth (123 mg/g of dry mycelia), which accounted for 23.4% of the total mycelial fatty acids. Mycelial arachidonic acid amounted to only 19 mg/g of dry mycelia (0.5 g/liter of culture broth), which accounted for 3.7% of the total mycelial fatty acids. The other major mycelial fatty acids were palmitic acid (11.0%), stearic acid (12.8%), oleic acid (22.7%), linoleic acid (8.9%), γ-linolenic acid (6.5%), and lignoceric acid (7.8%). More than 97 mol% of the DHGA produced was found in the triglyceride fraction irrespective of the growth temperature employed (12 to 28°C)

Topics: Mycology
Year: 1992
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:195755
Provided by: PubMed Central
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