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Preparation of Refractile Spores of Clostridium thermosaccharolyticum Involves a Solventogenic Phase

By Sandra L. Landuyt and Edward J. Hsu


Conversion of vegetative cells of Clostridium thermosaccharolyticum to refractile endospores was achieved by sequential transfer and dilution at each generation, with a final dilution into a sporulation medium that contained xylan supplemented with excess calcium. The subsequent growth was synchronous and resulted in elongated, solventogenic cells that were then shifted to 35°C to permit further differentiation without cell division. The synchronized cells grown in xylan medium supplemented with Ca gluconate produced total solvents that reached 9.63% (vol/vol). One hundred percent of these elongated solventogenic cells (4.84 × 10(9) cells per ml) entered the sporangial stage and continued to differentiate into refractile spores. Only cells sequentially transferred and diluted at a critical time of the growth cycle are synchronized, induced to elongate (≥fourfold), become highly solventogenic in the presence of excess calcium, and are converted to a homogeneous population of refractile spores

Topics: Physiology and Biotechnology
Year: 1992
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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