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Survival, stress resistance, and alterations in protein expression in the marine vibrio sp. strain S14 during starvation for different individual nutrients.

By T Nyström, R M Olsson and S Kjelleberg

Abstract

The response of the marine Vibrio sp. strain S14 to starvation for carbon, nitrogen, or phosphorus and to simultaneous depletion of all these nutrients (multiple-nutrient starvation) was examined with respect to survival, stress resistance, quantitative and qualitative alterations in protein and RNA synthesis, and the induction of the stringent control. Of the conditions tested, carbon starvation and multiple-nutrient starvation both promoted long-term starvation resistance and a rapid induction of the stringent control, as deduced from the kinetics of RNA synthesis. Carbon- and multiple-nutrient-starved cells were also found to become increasingly resistant to heat, UV, near-UV, and CdCl2 stress. Nitrogen- and phosphorus-starved cells demonstrated a poor ability to survive in the presence of carbon and did not develop a marked resistance to the stresses examined. The carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus starvation stimulons consisted of about 20 proteins each, while simultaneous starvation for all the nutrients elicited an increased synthesis of 42 polypeptides. Nine common proteins were found to be induced regardless of the starvation condition used and were tentatively termed general starvation proteins. It was also demonstrated that the total number of proteins induced in response to multiple-nutrient starvation was not a predictable sum of the different individual starvation stimulons. Multiple-nutrient starvation induced 14 proteins which were not detected at increased levels of expression in response to individual starvation conditions. Furthermore, four out of five phosphorus starvation-specific polypeptides were not induced during simultaneous starvation for phosphorus, nitrogen, and carbon. The results are discussed in light of the physiological alterations previously described for Vibrio sp. strain S14 cells starved for carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus simultaneously

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1992
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:195172
Provided by: PubMed Central
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