Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

The alternative Ctf18-Dcc1-Ctf8-replication factor C complex required for sister chromatid cohesion loads proliferating cell nuclear antigen onto DNA

By Vladimir P. Bermudez, Yoshimasa Maniwa, Inger Tappin, Keiko Ozato, Kyoko Yokomori and Jerard Hurwitz


The linkage of sister chromatids after DNA replication ensures the faithful inheritance of chromosomes by daughter cells. In budding yeast, the establishment of sister chromatid cohesion requires Ctf8, Dcc1, and Ctf18, a homologue of the p140 subunit of the replication factor C (RFC). In this report we demonstrate that in 293T cells, Flag-tagged Ctf18 forms a seven-subunit cohesion-RFC complex comprised of Ctf18, Dcc1, Ctf8, RFCp40, RFCp38, RFCp37, and RFCp36 (Ctf18-RFC). We demonstrate that a stoichiometric heteroheptameric Ctf18-RFC complex can be assembled by coexpressing the seven proteins in baculovirus-infected insect cells. In addition, the two other stable subcomplexes were formed, which include a pentameric complex comprised of Ctf18, RFCp40, RFCp38, RFCp37, and RFCp36 and a dimeric Dcc1-Ctf8. Both the five- and seven-subunit Ctf18-RFC complexes bind to single-stranded and primed DNAs and possess weak ATPase activity that is stimulated by the addition of primed DNA and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). These complexes catalyzed the ATP-dependent loading of PCNA onto primed and gapped DNA but not onto double-stranded nicked or single-stranded circular DNAs. Consistent with these observations, both Ctf18-RFC complexes substituted for the replicative RFC in the PCNA-dependent DNA polymerase δ-catalyzed DNA replication reaction. These results support a model in which sister chromatid cohesion is linked to DNA replication

Topics: Biological Sciences
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Year: 2003
DOI identifier: 10.1073/pnas.1434308100
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • (external link)
  • Suggested articles

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.