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Correlation between in vitro antimicrobial susceptibilities and beta-lactamase plasmid contents of isolates of Haemophilus ducreyi from the United States.

By M Motley, S K Sarafian, J S Knapp, A A Zaidi and G Schmid

Abstract

We determined the susceptibilities of 94 strains of Haemophilus ducreyi isolated in various municipalities in the United States between 1982 and 1989 to the following antimicrobial agents: amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, ceftriaxone, erythromycin, azithromycin, ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, trimethoprim, and spectinomycin. Ceftriaxone (MIC, less than or equal to 0.008 micrograms/ml), azithromycin (MIC, less than or equal to 0.125 micrograms/ml), erythromycin (MIC, less than or equal to 0.125 micrograms/ml), ciprofloxacin (MIC, less than or equal to 0.25 micrograms/ml), and ofloxacin (MIC, less than or equal to 0.25 micrograms/ml) were highly active against all isolates. Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (MICs, 0.25 to 8.0 micrograms/ml), trimethoprim (MICs, 0.06 to 16.0 micrograms/ml), and spectinomycin (MICs, 2.0 to greater than or equal to 32.0 micrograms/ml) were less active against these isolates. Isolates possessing the 5.7-MDa beta-lactamase plasmid were less susceptible to erythromycin, trimethoprim, and spectinomycin than were isolates possessing the 3.2-MDa beta-lactamase plasmid. The susceptibilities of plasmidless isolates to erythromycin, trimethoprim, and spectinomycin were distributed bimodally; the median MIC for the more susceptible plasmidless isolates corresponded to that for isolates with the 3.2-MDa plasmid, and the median MIC for the less susceptible plasmidless isolates corresponded to that for isolates with the 5.7-MDa plasmid. Thus, plasmid profiles may be valuable markers for geographical variations in antimicrobial susceptibilities of H. ducreyi strains that may indicate the relative efficacy of regimens for the treatment of chancroid. Of the regimens recommended by the U.S. Public Health Service for the treatment of chancroid, our results support the use of erythromycin, ceftriaxone, and ciprofloxacin, and perhaps ofloxacin, but suggest that amoxicillin-clavulanic acid and sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim should be used with caution

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1992
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:192023
Provided by: PubMed Central
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