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Active-site residues of cyclophilin A are crucial for its incorporation into human immunodeficiency virus type 1 virions.

By T Dorfman, A Weimann, A Borsetti, C T Walsh and H G Göttlinger


Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) incorporates the cellular peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase cyclophilin A (CyPA), the cytosolic receptor for the immunosuppressant cyclosporin A (CsA). CsA inhibits the incorporation of CyPA and reduces HIV-1 virion infectivity but is inactive against closely related primate lentiviruses that do not interact with CyPA. The incorporation of CyPA into HIV-1 virions is mediated by a specific interaction with a proline-containing, solvent-exposed loop in the capsid (CA) domain of the Gag polyprotein. CsA, which disrupts the interaction with CA, binds at the active site of CyPA. To test whether active-site residues are also involved in the interaction with HIV-1 CA, we used a panel of previously characterized active-site mutants of human CyPA. Expression vectors for epitope-tagged wild-type and mutant CyPA were transfected into COS-gamma cells along with HIV-1 proviral DNA, and the virions produced were analyzed for the presence of tagged proteins. Cotransfection of the wild-type expression vector led to the incorporation of readily detectable amounts of epitope-tagged CyPA into HIV-1 virions. One CyPA mutant with a substantially decreased sensitivity to CsA was incorporated with wild-type efficiency, demonstrating that the requirements for binding to CsA and to HIV-1 CA are not identical. The remaining six CyPA mutants were incorporated with markedly reduced efficiency, providing in vivo evidence that HIV-1 CA interacts with the active site of CyPA

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1997
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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