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Adenovirus E3-10.4K/14.5K protein complex inhibits tumor necrosis factor-induced translocation of cytosolic phospholipase A2 to membranes.

By T Dimitrov, P Krajcsi, T W Hermiston, A E Tollefson, M Hannink and W S Wold


We have reported that three adenovirus (Ad) proteins, named E3-10.4K/14.5K, E3-14.7K, and E1B-19K, independently inhibit tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-induced apoptosis in Ad-infected cells. E3-10.4K/14.5K and E3-14.7K also inhibit TNF-induced release of arachidonic acid (AA). TNF-induced apoptosis and AA release are thought to require TNF-activation of the 85-kDa cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2). cPLA2 normally exists in a latent form in the cytosol; it is activated by phosphorylation by mitogen-activated protein kinase, and in the presence of agents that mobilize intracellular Ca2+, cPLA2 translocates to membranes where it cleaves AA from membrane phospholipids. We now report that TNF induces translocation of cPLA2 from the cytosol to membranes in Ad-infected human A549 cells and that E3-10.4K/14.5K but not E3-14.7K or E1B-19K is required to inhibit TNF-induced translocation of cPLA2. Ad infection also inhibited TNF-induced release of AA. Under the same conditions, Ad infection did not inhibit TNF-induced phosphorylation of cPLA2 or TNF activation of NFkappaB. Ad infection also inhibited cPLA2 translocation in response to the Ca2+ ionophore A23187 and to cycloheximide, but this inhibition did not require E3-10.4K/14.5K. Ad infection did not inhibit cPLA2 translocation in response to interleukin-1beta or platelet-derived growth factor. We propose that E3-10.4K/14.5K inhibits TNF-induced AA release and apoptosis by directly or indirectly inhibiting TNF-induced translocation of cPLA2 from the cytosol to membranes. AA formed by cPLA2 can be metabolized to prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and lipoxyns, molecules that amplify inflammation. E3-10.4K/14.5K probably functions in Ad infections to inhibit both TNF-induced apoptosis and inflammation

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1997
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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