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Trypsin-sensitive and -resistant components in human T-cell membranes required for syncytium formation by human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1-bearing cells.

By Y Sagara, C Ishida, Y Inoue, H Shiraki and Y Maeda


Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) envelope proteins play an important role in viral entry into target cells. In a syncytium formation assay consisting of a coculture of HTLV-1-bearing cells and target cells, mature gp46 and gp21 proteins each inhibited syncytium formation induced by HTLV-1-bearing cells. Experiments with 125I-labeled proteins showed that 125I-gp46 bound specifically with MOLT-4 target cells even in the presence of large amounts of gp21, whereas 125I-gp21 binding to target cells was completely blocked in the presence of large amounts of gp46. These observations suggest that HTLV-1 envelope proteins in syncytium formation interact with at least two components, which are located close to each other on the cell membrane. We isolated two components from MOLT-4 cell lysate, using Sepharose 4B columns coupled with peptides corresponding to amino acids 197 to 216 and 400 to 429, respectively, of the envelope protein. One is a trypsin digestion-sensitive component of approximately 34 to 35 kDa, which interacts specifically with gp46. The other is a nonprotein component, which interacts with gp21. This component was destroyed by sodium periodate oxidation and was partitioned into the methanol-chloroform phase. These observations suggest that these two components play an important role in HTLV-1 entry into target cells via membrane fusion

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1997
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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